RACHEL MEEROPOL is a fellow at the Center for Constitutional Rights (CCR) in New York City. CCR is a non-profit legal and educational organization dedicated to protecting and advancing the rights guaranteed by the United States Constitution and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Ever since the Attica Rebellion in 1971, CCR has been involved in litigation and political organizing in opposition to the infliction of cruel and unusual punishment and the denial of equal protection behind bars. Rachel’s interest in prisoners’ rights work stems from her family’s firsthand experience with the destructive impact of the criminal "justice" system on communities and individuals. With CCR, Rachel has developed a three-pronged project to combat the oppressive state of corrections in this country. Her project combines education, prevention and litigation. Rachel is working with the National Lawyers Guild to revise and republish the out-of-date Jailhouse Lawyers Handbook, a guidebook for prisoners who, unable to find an attorney, must struggle to protect their rights while incarcerated. On the litigation side, Rachel is attacking the conditions of confinement and inadequate medical care at supermaximum security prisons and at facilities holding immigration detainees. This project is made all the more urgent in the face of what Rachel asserts is the egregious use of solitary confinement and other punitive conditions against post-9/11 and other immigration detainees.